Muhammad Reza Pahlavi was known for the wealth already accumulated by his father, the first Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty. Muhammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown by Iranian revolutionaries in 1979, and Ayatollah Khomeini took power. Shah went into exile, moving from state to state…
On July 27, 1980, the last Iranian shah (emperor) died. His name was Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, and he was known all over the world because he ruled Iran for over 37 years. He carried the pompous titles of Iranian (Persian) rulers – Shahanshah (Croatian king of kings), Aryamehr (Croatian light of the Aryans), etc. Although Iran was known for the largest single collection of royal gems in the world, which Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi used extravagantly in to his coronation, however, he was a ruler quite sympathetic to the West and often associated with European and American statesmen, dressed entirely in the Western style.
Muhammad Reza Pahlavi was educated in Switzerland, at the famous Le Rosey Institute, which was attended by many foreign princes, aristocrats and children of billionaires. For example, at the Le Rosey Institute, in addition to chess, they were educated: King Albert II. of Belgium, Aga Khan IV, Serbian Crown Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic, Winston Churchill (the Prime Minister’s grandson), Dodi Al-Fayed, King Fuad II. of Egypt, Prince Egon of Fürstenberg, King Juan Carlos of Spain, Prince Rainier III. from Monaco etc.
Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi was legendary for the wealth already accumulated by his father, the first Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty. Presumably to partially redeem his father’s excessive hoarding, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi returned possession of allegedly as many as 2,000 villages in Iran, which he inherited from his father, to the local population at low prices.
As many know from history, Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown by Iranian revolutionaries in 1979, and Ayatollah Khomeini took power. That is how the Islamic Republic of Iran was created, which continues to this day. The Shah went into exile, moving from state to state. He was for some time in Egypt, then in Morocco, in the Bahamas, and even in Mexico. Eventually, the chess ended up in medical treatment in the US, which caused tension in US-Iranian relations. Despite his illness, Shah had to leave the United States for Panama, and eventually return to Egypt, where he died in 1980.