- Historical event:
- 1 October 1949
- The establishment of the People's Republic of China was solemnly declared in Peking, on the well-known Tiananmen Square. The ceremony was allegedly attended by as many as 300,000 people.
On this day in 1949, Mao Zedong declared the founding of the current Chinese state.
It was named the People’s Republic of China, and still bears the same name. This was solemnly declared in Peking, at the well-known Tiananmen Square. The ceremony was allegedly attended by as many as 300,000 people.
At that time, Mao was the leader of the Communist Party of China, and later held many state functions in the People’s Republic (the titles of higher state functionaries in Communist China are complex and often change over time).
The declaration was the result of the general victory of the communists over the nationalist Kuomintang. However, at that time, the Kuomintang still held power in some parts of China, but were eventually driven out of all regions except the island of Taiwan.