The title Duke of Rothesay was created in 1398 for David Stewart, son and heir of the Scottish king. The current heir to the Scottish throne, Prince Charles, bears the same title.
David Stewart, the first Duke of Rothesay in Scottish history, died on this day in 1402. His title has great significance for Scotland because it was regularly held by the heirs to the Scottish throne, similarly to how the titles of Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall were used in England. The current heir to the Scottish throne, Prince Charles, is both the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Rothesay. In fact, in Scotland it is the latter title that is always put before his other ones. His wife Camilla Parker Bowles received the title Duchess of Rothesay upon their marriage.
The title Duke of Rothesay was created in 1398 for the mentioned David Stewart, son and heir of then Scottish king Robert III from the Stewart dynasty. It was named after Rothesay on the Isle of Bute near the western coast of Scotland. It lies some 50 km of Glasgow as the crow flies.
In addition to its significance in relation to the throne, the title is also one of the two oldest ducal titles in Scotland. The other is the Duke of Albany, created that same year and bestowed upon David Stewart’s younger brother.