Croatia was at that time part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The first multiparty parliamentary elections in Croatia were held on this day in 1990. Croatia was at that time part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, under the name of Socialist Republic of Croatia. Political parties had been formally allowed only two months earlier (2 February 1990).
Three groups were most prominent at the elections: Franjo Tuđman’s Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), the ruling League of Communists of Croatia (SKH) under Ivica Račan, and the Coalition of People’s Accord (KNS), led by the non-party affiliated Miko Tripalo and Savka Dabčević-Kučar.
HDZ won the elections with 42% of the vote and 58% of the seats in parliament, second was the SKH with 26% of the vote and 30% of the seats, while the KNS came in third with 15% of the vote and 5.9% of the seats. The elections marked the end of the Communist Party’s monopoly over political power in the country and, soon after that, Croatia’s independence from Yugoslavia.