Tanzania is one of the greatest countries in the world according to the number of natural landmarks.
This day in 1964 marked the founding of Tanzania, which was formed by uniting Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Its name was a portmanteau of the first syllables of the names of its constituent countries. The two countries had a very different character since Tanganyika was around 356 times larger than Zanzibar, a former island sultanate situated next to the African coast. Tanganyika, on the contrary, used to be a Germany Colony (a part of German East Africa).
Tanzania is today a relatively large country with a land area of some 947,303 square kilometers, making it larger than Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa. Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa (5895 m) is located in Tanzania. The country also boasts access to Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa, and to Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world (after Lake Baikal). Lake Tanganyika allegedly contains 18% of the world’s fresh water reserves.