25.03.

1957: Foundations of EU were Laid on the Roman Capitoline Hill

1957: Foundations of  EU were Laid on the Roman Capitoline Hill
Photo Credit To Wikipedia Commons / The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony, at the Palazzo dei Conservatori on Capitoline Hill

Story Highlights

  • Historical event
  • 25 March 1957
  • The historic treaty which established the European Economic Community was signed in the palace on the Capitoline Hill in Rome. The Capitoline Square (Piazza del Campidoglio) was made according to the designs of the famous Michelangelo Buonarroti.

On this day, the famous Treaty of Rome was signed, which is the foundation of today’s European Union. It established the European Economic Community (EEC), the forerunner of the EU.

This historic agreement was signed in the Palace of the Conservators (Palazzo dei Conservatori) on the Capitoline Square (Piazza del Campidoglio) in Rome. Capitoline is one of the Seven Hills of Rome, whose square was made according to the designs of the famous Michelangelo Buonarroti.

The European Economic Community originally consisted of six members: France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

On behalf of West Germany, the Treaty of Rome was signed by the famous Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and Walter Hallstein, the creator of the famous Hallstein doctrine.

Hallstein was also elected first President of the European Commission (the most powerful position, today held by José Manuel Barroso).

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