22.03.

1312: Abolishment of the Knights Templar

1312: Abolishment of the Knights Templar
Photo Credit To Richard Croft, licensed for reuse under Creative Commons Licence

Story Highlights

  • Historical event:
  • 22 March 1312
  • The Templars were abolished under charges of heresy, blasphemy, and sodomy. Apparently they worshiped a deity called Baphomet.

On this day Pope Clement V issued the papal bull Vox in excelso (Voice from Heaven), officially dissolving the powerful Order of the Knights Templar. The Pope did this at the instigation of the French king Philip IV the Fair, who owed large sums of money to the Templars.

Namely, Clement V was the first pope who did not live in Rome but in Avignon (the so-called Avignon captivity). The Popes in Avignon were influenced by the French kings. The Templars were abolished under the charges of heresy, blasphemy, and sodomy. Apparently they worshiped a deity called Baphomet. Many Templars, including Grand Master Jacques de Molay, were burned at the stake.

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