The word tory is of Irish origin and was originally a derogatory term for Irish thugs.
British Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, founder of today’s ruling party in Britain, the well-known Conservative Party, was born on February 5, 1788. This powerful party, of course, had older roots. It originated from its immediate predecessor – the Tory Party (simply the Tories). By that fact, the name Tory is sometimes used today for British conservatives. This is especially true in newspaper headlines, as the word Tory is short and appropriate in cases of space shortages.
Interestingly, the word Tory entered British political life as early as the 17th century. This word is actually of Irish origin and was originally a derogatory term for Irish robbers, ie outlaws. This derogatory name was called by the British in the 17th century those politicians (outlaws) who opposed the exclusion of James II. from the line of succession to the English throne because he was Catholic. Similarly, the Whig word for the Tories was at first a derogatory name.
These inappropriate derogatory terms disappeared from official use when the name Conservative Party was established for the Tory Party. Sir Robert Peel, as the then ruling prime minister, not only was credited with renaming his party, but also laid the groundwork for the Conservatives future policy. Peel was tragically killed in 1850, when a horse in central London fell from a horse, which then overtook him. The injuries were fatal, so Peel died three days later.