27.07.

Viscount de Touraine – Marshal General of France – 1675.

Viscount de Touraine – Marshal General of France – 1675.

The Viscount de Turenne was given the title of Marshal of France, and was later promoted even to Marshal General. This highest possible title in the French Royal Army has been awarded only a few times in history.

On July 27, 1675, the French military commander Turenne was killed at the Battle of Salzbach in Germany. He was a member of the famous La Tour d’Auvergne dynasty, which had the status of the so-called of foreign princes (fr. princes étrangeres). Members of such dynasties were higher in rank than all members of the French nobility and could enter into marriages even with royal princesses.

Turenne’s name was Henri de La Tour d’Auvergne, and he bore the title of Viscount de Turenne (French: Vicomte de Turenne). Interestingly, the title of Viscount was highly esteemed in France, although it was nominally lower than the titles of Count and Marquis. The reason for this was its rarity as well as its long tradition.

Turenne achieved many victories on the battlefield in the service of the French king. He was given the title of Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France), and was later promoted even to Marshal General. This highest possible title in the French royal army was very rarely awarded (only a few times in history). In French, the full name of the position was Maréchal Général des Camps et Armées du Roi.

On this day in the Battle of Salzbach in Germany, Turenne was hit by an enemy shot and killed. The Viscount was reportedly hit at the very beginning of the battle, but the French army still won in the end. Viscount de Turenne was 63 years old at the time of his death.

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