02.07.

The last British Prime Minister member of the House of Lords – 1903.

The last British Prime Minister member of the House of Lords – 1903.
Alec Douglas-Home was by inheritance a British lord. In 1963, he was appointed Prime Minister, the last time in British history that a member of the House of Lords was appointed head of government.

On July 2, 1903, Alec Douglas-Home was born, the last British lord to become Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Namely, Alec Douglas-Home came from an aristocratic Scottish family, which held the title of Earl of Home (the British title of earl roughly corresponds to the title of earl in the rest of Europe). His father was the 13th Earl of Home, and Alec inherited the title after his father's death. Thus, in 1951, Alec became the 14th Earl of Home. He was 48 at the time.

As Earl of Home, Alec was a member of the British House of Lords (Upper House of the British Parliament) and was addressed as Lord Home. Namely, all British earls are automatically entitled to the title of lord. In 1963, Alec was appointed British Prime Minister. It was the last time in British history that a member of the House of Lords had been appointed Prime Minister. Since it was already difficult for the public to accept state politics by an aristocrat, Alec renounced his title of earl (lord) and then ran for a seat in the lower house of parliament as an ordinary citizen (though at the same time prime minister). He managed to get a parliamentary seat, and remained prime minister until 1964.
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