On this day in 1993, Czechoslovakia was divided into two republics – the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The dissolution of Czechoslovakia into two independent republics – the Czech Republic and Slovakia – took place on New Year 1993. A precondition for this was the federalization of the country (unitary division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech and Slovak Federal unit, similar to the Yugoslav federation), which occurred in 1968 during the Prague Spring, led by Liberal leader Alexander Dubček (a Slovak by nationality). The so-called Velvet Revolution took place in Czechoslovakia in 1989, which quietly removed the communists from power. Vaclav Havel became President, but it is interesting that he resigned when Slovakia declared its independence, because he was opposed to the separation of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. According to the polls at the time, only 36% of Czechs and 37% of Slovaks were in favor of the separation. Nevertheless, it was conducted. The last Acting President of Czechoslovakia was Jan Stráský, while the first president of the independent Czech Republic was Vaclav Havel (he ran again after the breakup), and the first president of Slovakia was Michal Kováč. It is interesting that both the Czech Republic and Slovakia marked a day of mourning when Vaclav Havel died.