Nazi Party official Philipp Bouhler died on this day in 1945. Bouhler was the head of the Führer’s office (German: Chef der Kanzlei des Führers der NSDAP). Therefore, he had a high position, and served as the private chancellor of Adolf Hitler, handling many different issues pertaining to matters such as complaints against party officials, appeals from party courts, official judgements, clemency petitions by NSDAP members, and Hitler’s personal affairs (as well as decrees which Hitler signed).
Bouhler’s seat was near Hitler’s office and the famous Hitler’s bunker (Führerbunker). It is interesting to note that Philipp Bouhler was both a Reichsleiter (English: National Leader), which was the highest NSDAP rank (after the Führer rank), and an Obergruppenführer in the Allgemeine SS. He was responsible for the Aktion T4 euthanasia program, in which more than 70,000 handicapped adults and children were killed in Nazi Germany due to their mental and physical disabilities.