Nathan Mayer Rothschild came from his native Frankfurt to London and founded a bank in the City of London there. That bank grew into a financial giant called N M Rothschild & Sons Limited, one of the largest investment institutions in Europe to this day.
On July 28, 1836, one of the most historically important members of the Rothschild family, Nathan Mayer, died. His father Mayer Amschel Rothschild was the founder of the Rothschild business empire, which over time became the most influential business family in world history. The origin of the family was the German city of Frankfurt am Main, which is still the financial center of Europe. Namely, the headquarters of the European Central Bank, which manages the euro policy, and the German Bundesbank, which managed the German mark, are in Frankfurt today. Frankfurt is also the seat of a significant German stock exchange.
The aforementioned father Mayer Amschel had five sons, who became the foundations of the expansion of his empire. He sent each of his five sons to one of the European capitals to expand the family business there. The first and most important he sent was Nathan Mayer Rothschild. He came to London and founded a bank in the City of London there. That bank grew into a financial giant called N M Rothschild & Sons Limited, one of the largest investment institutions in Europe to this day. Nathan Mayer funded European monarchs in the fight against Napoleon Bonaparte. He reportedly had such a good spy network of his own that he learned of Napoleon’s final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo a full 24 hours before the British government.
There is a theory that with this information he became very rich on the London Stock Exchange, by first selling shares pretending that Britain had been defeated, at which point prices sank because other investors believed he was best informed. He then bought a huge amount of shares at a low price at the last minute. When the news of the British victory came to London, stock prices skyrocketed. Yet the whole story is perhaps just an anti-Semitic construction, as are many others about the Rothschild family (e.g., that they originated with Satan himself). Interestingly, the coat of arms of the Rothschild family contains five arrows, representing the aforementioned five brothers sent into the world.