18.06.

Lord Castlereagh – Anglo-Irish aristocrat credited with overthrowing Napoleon’s Empire – 1769

Lord Castlereagh – Anglo-Irish aristocrat credited with overthrowing Napoleon’s Empire – 1769

Lord Castlereagh held a number of positions in the British government, and in 1812 became Minister of Foreign Affairs. He performed this function at key moments in the struggle of European allies against Napoleon Bonaparte.

On June 18, 1769, Robert Stewart, Lord Castlereagh, was born, one of the European statesmen most deserving of the final destruction of Napoleon Bonaparte. Lord Castlereagh was born in Dublin, Ireland. He came from an Irish Protestant family, which in his father’s time received the high title of Marquis of Londonderry. Interestingly, Lord Castlereugh’s half-brother – Charles – was the great-grandfather of the later British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Lord Castlereagh held a number of positions in the British government, and in 1812 became Minister of Foreign Affairs. He performed this function at key moments in the struggle of European allies against Napoleon Bonaparte, so he was a colleague of Prince Clemens Wenzel von Metternich, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Austrian Empire. After the victory over Bonaparte, Lord Castlereagh also played a major role in the famous Congress of Vienna, which shaped Europe in the post-Napoleonic period.

At the Congress of Vienna, Lord Castlereagh, as British Foreign Secretary, was a key participant, along with the aforementioned Metternich (representative of the host country) and the particularly skilful French Foreign Minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord. Castlereagh retained the post of head of British diplomacy until his death in 1822. He died only a year after Napoleon Bonaparte, and before his death he had inherited from his father the aforementioned high title of Marquis of Londonderry.

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