07.10.

JNA planes rocketed the Banska palace in Zagreb – 1991

JNA planes rocketed the Banska palace in Zagreb – 1991

The President of the Republic of Croatia, Franjo Tuđman, the President of the Presidency of the SFRY, Stipe Mesić, and the Prime Minister of the Federal Government, Ante Marković, were in the Banski dvor building.

Two JNA MiG-29 planes, which took off from Bihać, fired rockets at the Banska dvora in Zagreb, the official seat of the Government of the Republic of Croatia during the Homeland War, on October 7, 1991. The attack took place at 3:03 p.m., and the ceremonial courtyard of the Banski dvori and several other buildings in the neighboring streets were directly hit. One rocket also hit the restaurant Dubravkin put on Tuškanac, and Marko Mikić, who was there with a fuel tank, lost his life in that explosion. Several people were slightly injured near the Banski dvori. A total of 73 buildings were damaged, including the church of St. Mark, the parliament building, the old town hall and the residence of the Swiss consul.

The day before the rocketing, the Croatian army received information about a high-secret air mission being prepared by the JNA for the next day, but it was not considered serious due to a lack of details.

During the attack, the President of the Republic of Croatia, Franjo Tuđman, the President of the Presidency of the SFRY, Stipe Mesić, and the Prime Minister of the Federal Government, Ante Marković, were in the Banski dvor building. The plan of the Greater Serbia politicians and the army was to decapitate both Croatia and Yugoslavia with one blow – Mesic would be replaced by a Serbian member of the presidency, a state of emergency would be declared and the army would take to the streets. Later, the JNA and Yugoslav officials denied any responsibility or involvement in the incident, and even claimed that the explosion was caused by the Croatian government itself due to international support.

The attack took place the day before the end of the three-month moratorium on the Constitutional Decision on the Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Croatia. The next day, after the expiration of the moratorium, all ties with the republics and provinces that formed the SFRY were severed, and on that day the Republic of Croatia celebrates Independence Day.

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