07.07.

Independence of the Solomon Islands – a large island nation in the Pacific Ocean – 1978.

Independence of the Solomon Islands – a large island nation in the Pacific Ocean – 1978.

For one Pacific island nation, the Solomon Islands have a relatively large area of ​​28,400 square kilometers.

On July 7, 1978, independence was granted to the Solomon Islands, a state located in the Pacific Ocean. Geographically, the Solomon Islands belong to Melanesia, as well as the neighboring states of Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Fiji. The inhabitants of Melanesia stand out among all other world ethnic groups of dark skin color by a significant percentage of people with blonde hair (the appearance of blonde hair is very rare in indigenous ethnic communities outside Europe).

For one Pacific island nation, the Solomon Islands have a relatively large area of ​​28,400 square kilometers. By area, they are the largest country in Oceania after Australia, Papua New Guinea and New Zealand (the Solomon Islands are larger even than Hawaii and all French territories in the Pacific Ocean). Unfortunately, they are also the second poorest country in Oceania in terms of GDP per capita, so only Kiribati is behind them.

Interestingly, the northern part of the Solomon Islands has historically belonged to the German Empire for some time. Namely, the Germans acquired the colonial estates there in the second half of the 19th century, as well as similar estates in the wider area of ​​Oceania. They ruled, for example, the islands of Choiseul and Santa Isabel, which are now part of the Solomon Islands. However, the largest island – Guadalcanal – was already in British possession at the time, and later the British acquired a protectorate over the entire Solomon Islands. Finally, Great Britain gave the Solomon Islands the independence of the mentioned date, but Queen Elizabeth II. it remained the monarch of that country (Australia, Canada and New Zealand also have a similar arrangement). Queen Elizabeth II. in the Solomon Islands he represents the Governor-General, and that state functions as a parliamentary monarchy, with the Prime Minister at the head of the government there.

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