31.07.

Columbus discovers the Caribbean island of Trinidad (1498)

Columbus discovers the Caribbean island of Trinidad (1498)

On July 31, 1498, Christopher Columbus first reached the island of Trinidad, one of the largest and southernmost of the Caribbean islands. The word Trinidad in Spanish means Trinity, referring to the Holy Trinity, extremely important in Christianity. The island of Trinidad has an area of ​​4,748 square kilometers, which makes it larger than Istria.

Trinidad is located so close to the continental mainland of South America that it is only about 11 kilometers off the coast of Venezuela. The island was ruled as a colony by the Spaniards until 1797, when it became part of the British colonial empire. In 1962, the independent state of Trinidad and Tobago was formed, which included the neighboring island of Tobago, much smaller than Trinidad (Tobago has an area of ​​about 300 square kilometers.

The state of Trinidad and Tobago is characterized by a high proportion of the population of Indian origin. Namely, the descendants of Indians make up as much as 37.6% of the population of Trinidad and Tobago, according to which they are relatively most represented (in second place are residents of African descent, with a share of about 36.3%). It is also interesting that Hindus make up as much as 18% of the population of the state of Trinidad and Tobago in terms of religion, but the majority religion there is still Christianity with about 57% of the population.

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