In January 13, 2012, a dreadful maritime disaster led to the destruction of the Costa Concordia off the Italian coast. 32 passengers and crew and one crew member were killed, resulting in a total death toll of 33. Costa Concordia was on the first leg of its cruise across the Mediterranean, with 3,206 passengers and 1,023 crew aboard . The vessel was over 290 meters long and 35 and a half meters wide, with 820 inches of draft. The Costa Concordia’s propulsion machine had about 103,000 horsepower, giving the thirteen-deck boat a maximum speed of 23 knots.
On a fatal voyage, she sailed the Costa Concordia from the port of Civitavecchia, located about 60 kilometers northwest of Rome. After seventy kilometers of sailing, the ship approached the islet of Giglio in the Tyrrhenian Sea, some fifteen kilometers from the nearest Italian coast (in the coastal area of Tuscany). Costa Concordia sailed close to the island and struck an underwater reef about 300 meters off its coast, at the entrance to the main island port, called Giglio Porto. A 70-meter-long shattering was formed in the formwork of the ship, which caused the Costa Concordia to start filling with water. The ship lost some of its functions and began to lean heavily in front of the aforementioned port of Giglio Porto. Eventually, an evacuation was ordered so most of the 4,252 people on board were disembarked. However, several dozen passengers and crew were missing and a rescue operation was organized. Unfortunately, these 33 people lost their lives, making it one of the worst maritime tragedies in the 21st century to date.