29.06.

Caliphate proclaimed in the Middle East – 2014

Caliphate proclaimed in the Middle East – 2014

According to the Muslim understanding, the caliph is Muhammad’s successor and is in charge of the entire Muslim world, with no restrictions in terms of state borders.

On June 29, 2014, a caliphate was proclaimed in the Middle East, as part of the former ISIL, ie ISIS. The Western acronyms ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) and ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham) continued to be used in the media, although members of the caliphate have since considered their state to be relevant. to the whole world, not just Iraq, Syria and the Levant. In this sense, they are considered a single Islamic state, denying other states the legitimacy of their existence.

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was proclaimed the caliph of the Islamic State. Note, according to the Muslim understanding, the caliph is Muhammad’s successor and is in charge of the entire Muslim world, with no restrictions in terms of state borders. At one time, the sultans of the Ottoman Empire appropriated the title of caliph, as well as the title of Amir al-Mu’minin (commander of the faithful).

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