- historical event:
- It was the time of the powerful Muslim Caliph Al-Mansur, whose huge state spanned the area from modern Algeria to the Indus River.
The incredible momentum of the Arab expansion was amply demonstrated on this day in 758. The Arabs attacked the far-off Chinese city of Guangzhou, also known as Canton. They achieved this with the help of their powerful navy, which crossed an incredible distance in order to reach its target. This was the time of the mighty Abbasid Caliphate, a huge Muslim state which spanned the area from modern Algeria to the Indus River.
The caliph at that time was the well-known Al-Mansur, remembered for founding a new capital city – Baghdad. Interestingly, he named the city Madinat al-Salaam (the City of Peace). Baghdad soon became one of the largest and wealthiest cities in the world. It was the center of the Islamic Golden Age.
The Arab expansion encompassed a huge area of land. In the 8th century, Muslim armies under Arab leadership rampaged through central France, up to the Seine, Loire, and Marne rivers. In Central Asia, the Arabs waged war with the Chinese Tang dynasty, on the area of modern Kirghistan. The wealthy India lay at their southeastern border.