1960: The First Ruby Laser

1960: The First Ruby Laser
Photo Credit To https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ruby_laser.jpg

Theodore H. “Ted” Maiman developed the first ruby laser at Hughes Research Laboratories, located in the city of Malibu, California. The famous Howard Hughes owned this research center. He was a billionaire and an eccentric aviator. The film Aviator (with Leonardo DiCaprio as Howard Hughes) is based on a book about his life.

The leader of the project was the physicist Theodore Maiman (twice nominated for the Nobel Prize). The laser’s base was a crystal ruby; it wasn`t a natural ruby stone, but synthetically-made crystal. The laser emitted a red beam of light at a wavelength of 694 nanometers. It could only be used in a pulsed mode.

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