- Historical event
- 7 January 1845
- Ludwig III’s castles include the famous Neuschwanstein castle in the mountains, the summer palace Nymphenburg near Munich, and the large Herrenchiemsee palace on the Bavarian lake Chiemsee.
On this day, the last king to rule Bavaria was born. His name was Ludwig III and was a member of the famous Wittelsbach dynasty, which had ruled Bavaria since the 12th century. The Wittelsbachs were Bavarian Dukes from as far back as 1180, and were awarded with the title of Kings on 1 January 1806. Apart from Bavaria, the Wittelsbach family, for a while, also ruled Sweden (1441-1448 and 1654-1720), and produced two Holy Roman Emperors, one Hungarian king, a King of Denmark and Norway, and one Greek King.
The last Bavarian king Ludwig III was born in the capital of his kingdom – Munich. It is interesting that Ludwig was a descendant of the famous Empress and Queen Maria Theresa by the direct female line (Maria Theresa was the mother of his mother’s mother’s mother’s mother). Ludwig’s cousin was the famous Empress Sissi, also from the Bavarian royal family Wittlesbach.
As king, Ludwig III had his headquarters in Munich’s royal palace (Münchner Residenz). It is the largest city palace in the whole of Germany. The royal family owned many more palaces and castles in Bavaria. Let us mention the famous Neuschwanstein castle in the mountains, the summer palace Nymphenburg near Munich, and the large Herrenchiemsee palace on the Bavarian lake Chiemsee. After World War I, Ludwig III was ousted from the Bavarian throne and his kingdom was abolished. He died in exile, in his castle Sarvar in Hungary. Duke Franz of Bavaria, Ludwig’s great-grandson, is today the pretender to the Bavarian throne.