Napoleon was crowned with the famed Iron Crown of Lombardy.
On this day in 1805 Napoleon was crowned King of Italy in Milan. The coronation ceremony was held in the famous Milan cathedral dedicated to St. Mary of the Nativity – the largest Gothic ecclesiastical building south of the Alps. Napoleon was crowned with the famed Iron Crown of Lombardy. This exceptionally valuable crown originates from the middle ages and remained in use for centuries, making it one of the oldest and most prestigious crowns in Europe.
By the time of the coronation, Napoleon had already been crowned Emperor of the French in Paris (it happened six months earlier). After being crowned the King of italy, he attained the title “emperor and king”.
Napoleon’s Kingdom of Italy at first included the territories of Istria and Dalmatia (modern Croatia), but these were later separated. Napoleon appointed Eugène de Beauharnais his viceroy and governor in Italy. Eugène was Josephine’s son from her previous marriage, and was later also given the prestigious title Prince of Venice.