The great dome was built from around 37 000 tons of material, including four million bricks.
Filippo Brunelleschi, one of the most prominent personalities of the Italian Renaissance, died on this day in 1446. According to the year of his birth (1377), he belonged to the European Middle Ages, but some of his principles remained very influential in the early modern period. He was a contemporary of the English poet Geoffrey Chaucer, an epitome of the Middle Ages. Brunelleschi was born in Tuscany, one of the most advanced regions of Europe in that age.
Brunelleschi’s most important work is the magnificent dome of the Florence Cathedral (Santa Maria del Fiore). The enormous dome was built from around 37 000 tons of material, including four million bricks. It was completed in 1436, i.e. before the end of the Middle Ages.
The dome still stands today, over 114 meters tall counting the cross. In addition to working on the cathedral, Brunelleschi projected and/or built many other Early Renaissance buildings, such as the Pazzi Chapel, the Basilica of San Lorenzo, the Ospedale degli Innocenti (English: Hospital of the Innocents), etc. He died on this day in 1446, in his late 60s, and had the honor of being buried beneath the magnificent cathedral he helped build.