1922: Last Ottoman Sultan Deposed

1922: Last Ottoman Sultan Deposed
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  • historical event:
  • It was the end of the 600-year-old Ottoman Empire. The former sultan spent most of the rest of his life on the Italian riviera. He died in Sanremo in the Liguria region of Italy, in 1926

The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, was deposed on this day, when monarchy was abolished in Turkey. This was the end of the 600-year-old Ottoman Empire. Mehmed was the 36th Ottoman sultan, a line started by Osman, who lived in the 13th and 14th centuries.

The last sultan was born in 1861, as the son of the ruling sultan Abdülmecid I and his wife, Gülüstü, who was of Circassian nationality. It is interesting that Mehmed VI seemed to prefer women of exotic origin. His first wife was from Abkhazia, while his second one was from Georgia. He married a total of five times.

Mehmed VI became sultan in 1918. Although the Ottoman ruler was known as the Sultan in the West, in the Ottoman Empire itself it was a lesser title. Instead, he used titles such as Pasishah (Emperor), Sultan es-Selatin (Ruler of Rulers), and Kagan (Khan of Khans).
In addition to these titles, Mehmed VI inherited the prestigious title of Caliph (heir or representative of Muhammad), which signifies a leader of the entire Muslim world. In addition, he bore the title Amir ül-Mü’minin, which can be roughly translated as “Lord of the Believers”.
The Ottoman sultan was installed using the Prophet’s sword, which was strapped to his hip. Interestingly, Mehmed’s installation was the only one caught on film.
On this day Mehmed VI was forced to leave Istanbul. It is interesting that he left the country aboard the battleship HMS Malaya. He first went to Malta, which was at that time still owned by Britain. The former sultan spent most of the rest of his life on the Italian riviera. He died in Sanremo in the Liguria region of Italy, in 1926.

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