01.10.

1946: Nazi War Criminals Sentenced at Nuremberg

1946: Nazi War Criminals Sentenced at Nuremberg
Photo Credit To Wikipedia Commons

Story Highlights

  • Historical event:
  • 1 October 1946
  • Grand Admiral (Grossadmiral) Karl Dönitz received the lowest penalty (10 years). Foreign Minister Konstantin von Neurath got 15, while Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Schirach and Armaments Minister Albert Speer got 20 years each.

The major Nazi war criminals were sentenced on this day at the Nuremberg Trials.

It is interesting that only 24 high-ranking Nazis were brought before the court. Three of them were cleared of all charges: Hitler’s Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen, Minister of Economics Dr. Hjalmar Schacht, and Nazi journalist Hans Fritzsche.

Grand Admiral (Grossadmiral) Karl Dönitz received the lowest penalty (10 years). Foreign Minister Konstantin von Neurath got 15, while Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Schirach and Armaments Minister Albert Speer got 20 years each (the latter was also the chief architect of the Reich).

Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, Deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess, and President of the Reichsbank Walther Funk were sentenced to life imprisonment.

The remaining 12 were sentenced to death. Among them were Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering, Hitler’s personal secretary Martin Bormann, chief diplomat Joachim von Ribbentrop, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel (commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht) and SS-Obergruppenführer Ernst Kaltenbrunner (the highest-ranking member of the SS who survived the fall of the Reich).

One of the accused committed suicide before the trial began, while one other was declared medically unfit to stand trial (the industrialist Gustav Krupp).

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