19.05.

1945: Philipp Bouhler – Chief of the Chancellery of the Führer

1945: Philipp Bouhler – Chief of the Chancellery of the Führer
Photo Credit To Wikipedia Commons/ Hitler greets Bouhler, 1938 ("Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H13039, Münchener Abkommen, Rückkehr Hitler" by Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-H13039 / CC-BY-SA. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 de via Wikimedia Commons)

Story Highlights

  • Historical event:
  • 19 May 1945
  • It is interesting to note that Philipp Bouhler was both a Reichsleiter (English: National Leader), which was the highest NSDAP rank (after the Führer rank), and an Obergruppenführer in the Allgemeine SS, who were responsible for the Aktion T4 euthanasia program (more than 70,000 handicapped adults and children were killed in Nazi Germany).

Nazi Party official Philipp Bouhler died on this day in 1945.

Philipp Bouhler was the head of the Führer’s office (German: Chef der Kanzlei des Führers der NSDAP). Therefore, he had a high position, and the mentioned agency served as the private chancellery of Adolf Hitler, handling many different issues pertaining to matters such as complaints against party officials, appeals from party courts, official judgements, clemeny petitions by NSDAP fellows, and Hitler’s personal affairs (as well as decrees which Hitler signed).

Bouhler’s seat was near Hitler’s office and the famous Hitler’s bunker (Führerbunker). It is interesting to note that Philipp Bouhler was both a Reichsleiter (English: National Leader), which was the highest NSDAP rank (after the Führer rank), and an Obergruppenführer in the Allgemeine SS.

He was responsible for the Aktion T4 euthanasia program, in which more than 70,000 handicapped adults and children were killed in Nazi Germany (due to their mental and physical disabilities). The Catholic Church condemned such killings.

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