30.08.

1940: Second Vienna Arbitration: How did a Large Part of Transylvania Come under the Control of Hungary?

1940: Second Vienna Arbitration: How did a Large Part of Transylvania Come under the Control of Hungary?
Photo Credit To Wikipedia Commons

Story Highlights

  • Historical event:
  • 30 August 1940
  • Between the two world wars, a large part of the Hungarian population lived in Romania, in the area of Transylvania. After the Second Vienna Arbitration, Northern Transylvania came under the control of Hungary.

On this day in 1940, the so-called Second Vienna Arbitration assigned a large part of Romania to Hungary.

This arbitration was performed by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. They wanted Hungary to control the areas which the Kingdom of Hungary had lost after World War I.

After this war, Hungary was almost torn to pieces, and a large part of the Hungarian population had to live in other countries (millions of people).

After the mentioned war, the Hungarians (who had fought on the side of the defeated Central Powers) were punished even harder than the Germans regarding their territories.

Between the two world wars, a large part of the Hungarian population lived in Romania, in the area of Transylvania.

After the Second Vienna Arbitration, Northern Transylvania came under the control of Hungary, which was very problematic because many Romanians also lived in this area.

After the Axis powers had been defeated in World War II, these borders were changed, so a large number of ethnic Hungarians still live in Romania.

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