The independent Slovak state was for the most part recognized only by the signatories of Hitler’s Tripartite Pact, but also a few countries from outside that circle.
On this day in 1939, Slovakia declared its independence under the patronage of the Third Reich. The country was called the Slovak Republic, and was for the most part recognized only by the signatories of Hitler’s Tripartite Pact, but also a few countries from outside that circle.
The land area of the Slovak Republic covered a total of around 38,000 square kilometers, which made it slightly smaller than today’s Slovakia. The reason for this was the Hungarian annexation of a part of the territory next to the Danube River. These territories belong to Slovakia today, but are still predominantly inhabited by Hungarians. This still sometimes presents a problem in the relations between those two countries.
The president of Slovakia during World War II was Jozef Tiso, an ordained priest, who also bore the title of Monsignor. In 1945 the Red Army occupied the territory of Slovakia, and the Slovak government soon surrendered to the Americans. In this way, the Slovak Republic was extinguished after around six years of existence.