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1922: Benito Mussolini Becomes Italian Prime Minister – Legally

1922: Benito Mussolini Becomes Italian Prime Minister – Legally
Photo Credit To http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/March_on_Rome.jpg

Story Highlights

  • historical event:
  • It is interesting that Mussolini actually became head of the government legally, in accordance with the Italian Constitution that was in force at that time. In his first government, Mussolini also served as minister of interior and foreign minister.

On this day in 1922, Benito Mussolini officially became the Italian prime minister. He achieved this after the famous “March on Rome” in late October 1922, which spurred King Victor Emmanuel III to appoint him as prime minister. However, Mussolini actually came to power in a legal manner, in accordance with the Italian Constitution that was in force at that time. In other words, the “March on Rome” wasn’t a coup or a revolution, where power would be taken by force.

As the new head of government, Mussolini received the title “Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri” (literally: President of the Council of Ministers). In his first government, Mussolini also served as minister of interior and foreign minister. In fact, he remained the foreign minister for seven years, until 1929.

Among Mussolini’s ministers were:

  • Alberto De Stefani – minister of finance (a fascist)
  • General Armando Diaz – minister of war (of Spanish origin, titled “Duke of Victory” for his successes in World War I)
  • Giovanni Antonio Colonna di Cesarò – minister of posts and telegraphs (a nobleman from the Colonna family)
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