19.11.

1912: Serbia Conquers Macedonia

1912: Serbia Conquers Macedonia
Photo Credit To http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Balkan_Wars_Boundaries_cleanup.jpg

Story Highlights

  • historical event: A large part of the Balkans was one under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. During the First Balkan War, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Montenegro joined forces to take those territories from the Ottomans.

On this day in 1912, during the First Balkan War, the Serbian army defeated a much larger army of the Ottoman Empire near Bitola, Macedonia. This victory allowed Serbia to take most of the territory that belongs to the modern Republic of Macedonia.

A large part of the Balkans was one under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. During the First Balkan War, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Montenegro joined forces to take those territories from the Ottomans.

The Serbian supreme commander was Petar Bojović, who later became a vojvoda (the highest Serbian military rank, roughly equivalent to a field marshal). Only four others officially received that title: Radomir Putnik, Stepa Stepanović, Živojin Mišić, and French marshal Louis Franchet d’Espérey.

During the First Balkan War, the Kingdom of Serbia also conquered Kosovo, the Sanjak of Novi Pazar, and part of Albania. The Second Balkan War broke out soon after, where Serbia and Bulgaria came into conflict over how to divide the conquered Macedonian territories. Bulgaria was defeated and had to relinquish most of its claim.

 

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