30.06.

1905: Albert Einstein Introduces the Special Theory of Relativity

1905: Albert Einstein Introduces the Special Theory of Relativity
Photo Credit To Wikipedia Commons/ Einstein in 1904 or 1905, at the time he wrote the Annus Mirabilis papers

Story Highlights

  • Historical event:
  • 30 June 1905
  • Einstein's research paper was published in 1905, which was the best year of his career – also known as Einstein's "miracle year" (German: Wunderjahr).

The first article in which Albert Einstein described his special theory of relativity, “On the Electrodynamics of bodies in motion” (German: Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper), was published in “Annalen der Physik”.

The mentioned journal is known as one of the oldest scientific journals on physics. The research papers of famous scientists, such as Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, Heinrich Hertz, Christian Doppler and Hendrik Lorentz, helped him in his work.

Einstein’s research paper was published in 1905, which was the best year of his career – also known as Einstein’s “miracle year” (German: Wunderjahr). In 1905, four of Einstein’s papers were published in “Annalen der Physik”, in addition to “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper”:

“Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt” (Einstein received the Nobel Prize in physics for this),

“Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen” (Brownian motion),

“Ist die Trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig?” (Einstein’s mass-energy relationship).

“Annalen der Physik“ was published in Berlin, the former capital of the German Empire. At the time, Albert Einstein was 26 years old, and lived in the Swiss city of Bern (Kramgasse 49 – about hundred meters from the Cathedral of Bern). He lived there with his wife Mileva Marić, and their son Hans Albert Einstein. Mileva gave birth to their son in 1804.

Einstein worked in the Patent Office in Bern (or the Federal Office for Intellectual Property). A  few years later, he became a lecturer.

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