Napoleon Eugene became the head of the Bonaparte dynasty at the age of only 16.
French Prince Imperial Napoleon Eugene Bonaparte, later called “Napoleon IV”, was born on this day in 1856. He was the son and only heir of Napoleon III, the last French emperor and nephew of Napoleon I. His mother, Empress Consort Eugénie de Montijo was a Spanish countess by birth. Napoleon Eugene’s childhood cradle has been preserved to this day. It is richly decorated, including a crown at the top. As the emperor’s oldest son, Napoleon Eugene bore the title of Prince Imperial.
His father Napoleon III was overthrown in 1870, and died in exile in England in 1873. Napoleon Eugene then became the pretender to the French imperial throne under the name “Napoleon IV”. He was only 16 when he became the head of the Bonaparte dynasty. He spent the rest of his life in England, where he received his education. He then joined the British army as an officer, but was killed in the Anglo-Zulu War at the age of only 23. He is buried next to his parents at the Catholic Saint Michaels Abbey in Farnborough near London.