02.12.

1852: Napoleon’s Nephew Proclaimed Emperor by Referendum

1852: Napoleon’s Nephew Proclaimed Emperor by Referendum
Photo Credit To http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Napoleon_III.jpg

Story Highlights

  • historical event: Like his uncle Napoleon I, he also used the referendum as the backbone of his government. Thus, he announced a referendum with the question of whether he should become the Emperor of the French.

On this day, exactly on the 48th anniversary of the coronation of Emperor Napoleon I of France, his nephew Napoleon III, also known as Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, proclaimed himself emperor. He was the son of Napoleon’s brother Louis and Hortense de Beauharnais, Josephine’s daughter from her first marriage. Supposedly Josephine suggested that marriage so a male heir to the dynasty would be produced (she herself could no longer bear children).

Napoleon III did not inherit the imperial title, but he came to it in a roundabout way, being first elected as President of France. Like his uncle, Napoleon I, he also used the referendum as the backbone of his government. Thus, he announced a referendum with the question of whether he should become the Emperor of the French. The nation approved, probably hoping for the return of French glory from the time of Napoleon I.

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