12.07.

1812: The American Invasion of Canada

1812: The American Invasion of Canada
Photo Credit To Wikipedia Commons/Brock by Hamilton MacCarthy

Story Highlights

  • Historical event
  • 12 July 1812
  • The Anglo-American war was quite dramatic, especially when British forces conquered the U.S. capital of Washington, and burned the residence later known as the White House.

The USA invaded Canada on this day in 1812.

Namely, the U.S. Army, commanded by General William Hull, crossed the Canada – U.S. border (which was actually the Detroit River), and entered Canadian territory near the city of Windsor, Ontario.

At the time, Canada was not an independent state, but a colonial possession of the United Kingdom.

Thirty years before that, the area of the USA had been under the British colonial rule. But the Americans managed to become independent, unlike the Canadians (the present British Queen is also Queen of Canada).

The USA invaded Canada due to the war between the Americans and the British – the Anglo-American War (1812-1815).

At the time, the Napoleonic wars were fought in Europe. But the Anglo-American war was also quite dramatic, especially when British forces conquered the U.S. capital of Washington, and burned the residence later known as the White House.

When William Hull entered Canadian territory, he had to fight with the local Native Americans. He found out that the British also invaded the USA, and decided to retreat toward the U.S. city of Detroit.

But the British general Isaac Brock entered the American territory, and captured General Hull in Detroit.

Hull thought that the British and their Native American allies were more powerful, and the British conquered Detroit without fighting a battle.

 

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