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1775: U.S. Military Occupies Part of Canada

1775: U.S. Military Occupies Part of Canada
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Story Highlights

  • historical event: After the conquest of Montreal, American General Montgomery urged Canadians to voluntarily join the newly formed United States. The response, however, was not that great!

One of the most extraordinary events in American history of warfare took place on this day. Specifically, the U.S. military conquered the Canadian city of Montreal. It is not widely known that the young United States invaded Canada, even before their official declaration of independence (the famous American Declaration of Independence was voted into office the following year!).

The U.S. Army was led towards Canada by General Richard Montgomery. The army began their march from the famous fort Ticonderoga, taking a logical route through the valley of the river Richelieu, which leads from the present U.S. state of New York straight north towards Canada. On this day the city of Montreal was seized without much resistance. Namely, the British army that defended the city concluded that the area is not suitable for defense, and thus preferred to surrender.

Otherwise, it is interesting that the name Montreal comes from the French word Mont Royal meaning “royal mountain”. This refers to a three-peaked hill located in the heart of the city, after which the whole town got its name. Today, Montreal is the second largest city in Canada.

After the conquest of Montreal, American General Montgomery urged Canadians to voluntarily join the newly formed United States. The response, however, was not great. The entire American invasion eventually failed and that is why Canada is today not part of the United States.

 

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