17.05.

1768: Caroline of Brunswick – the Queen who Travelled Much of Europe

1768: Caroline of Brunswick – the Queen who Travelled Much of Europe
Photo Credit To Wikipedia Commons

Story Highlights

  • Historical event:
  • 17 May 1768
  • Caroline and her husband George IV had many difficulties. He married her due to other people, and didn't want to be in her presence. While Caroline was “exiled”, she visited Tunisia, Malta, the Greek island of Mil, Athens, Corinth, Constantinople, and even the Holy Land (Nazareth and Jerusalem).

Caroline of Brunswick, the British Queen, was born on this day in 1768. She was the wife of King George IV, who ruled Britain as a prince regent.

Queen Caroline was only a year younger than Napoleon Bonaparte. She was born in Germany, as a member of the Welf dynasty.

Her father was Prince and Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, the German statelet located southeast of Hanover. He had an important role during the French Revolution, when he was appointed commander-in-chief of the army whose goal was to suppress the revolution.

They also wanted Louis XVI to take power. But, this didn’t happen, and the French revolutionary army soon conquered much of Europe.

Caroline and her husband George IV had many difficulties. Previously, he had married Maria Fitzherbert, but this marriage was not valid due to UK laws.

In 1814, Caroline left the UK after consulting Lord Castlereagh, who was Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time. It was a kind of exile, and she annually received 35,000 pounds (at that time, that was huge amount of money).

Caroline visited Germany, Switzerland, and Italy, and travelled across the Mediterranean Sea. She visited Tunisia, Malta, the Greek island of Mil, Athens, Corinth, Constantinople, and even the Holy Land (she was in Nazareth and Jerusalem). Later, she returned to England.

Caroline wanted to attend her husband’s coronation as the legitimate queen, but was humiliated. She died two-and-a-half weeks after that (some suspected that she was poisoned).

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