- Historical event:
- 29 March 1516
- Today’s term "ghetto" is derived from the Jewish Venetian Ghetto, which was an example followed by other cities.
On this day the Venetian Republic gave the Jews in Venice an area of the city, where they were required to live.
That city area was called “ghetto” (Italian: “ghetto”, in the Venetian language: “ghèto”). Today’s term “ghetto”, used for a discriminating area of a city, is derived precisely from the Jewish Venetian Ghetto, which was an example followed by other cities.
The Venetian Ghetto was located in the northern part of the city, in the area of Cannaregio. That part of Venice is located north from the northernmost bend of the Canal Grande.
The Venetian Ghetto was allegedly fenced and had a door through which no one was allowed to enter or exit from sunrise to sunset. There were even marine guards in neighbouring channels, who were watching that someone does not go over the ghetto borderline.
The segregation of Jews in Venice and the ghetto in that city was abolished by Napoleon’s government, after the Republic of Venice was extinguished in 1797.