- Historical event:
- 23 May 1430
- St. Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians and then transferred to their allies, the English. At that time she was only about 18 years old.
On this day in 1430, St. Joan of Arc was captured at Compiègne in northern France.
She was captured by the Burgundians, who had allied with the British against the French King Charles VII (his coronation at Reims was secured by St. Joan of Arc in the previous year).
The town of Compiègne, where St. Joan of Arc was captured, is located about 790 kilometers northeast of Paris.
This small town became known in the 20th century for two great traditions: in 1918 Germany signed an armistice there after the loss of World War I, and in 1940 Hitler humbled France there in a similar way.
St. Joan of Arc, together with her forces, tried to defend the town of Compiègne from the Burgundian troops. However, during one attack, the Compiegne city gates were closed before St. Joan and her troops managed to retreat to safety.
She was captured by the Burgundians and then transferred to their allies, the English. At that time St. Joan of Arc was only about 18 years old.
While she was in English captivity, St. Joan of Arc was accused of heresy. She was sentenced to death and burned about a year after her capture, aged about 19 years.
Approximately 25 years after the burning, the case of St. Joan of Arc was re-examined. She was acquitted, declared innocent, and proclaimed a Catholic martyr.
In 1909, Pope St. Pius X proclaimed her blessed, and she was canonized, i.e. declared a saint, by the Catholic Church in 1920, specifically by Pope Benedict XV.