The name of the Stewart (Stuart) dynasty stems from the fact that its members had served as the Great Stewards of Scotland for many generations.
The death of Robert II Stewart, the first Scottish king from the famous Stewart (Stuart) dynasty took place on this day in 1390. That dynasty ruled Scotland until 1714, i.e. more than 300 years. The Stuarts had also ruled over England since 1603 since Scottish king James VI Stuart inherited the throne from his cousin – Queen Elisabeth I from the Tudor dynasty. The Stuarts therefore ruled both England and Scotland i.e. the whole of Great Britain from 1603 until 1714 (their reign was interrupted only during the Civil War).
The name of the Stewart (Stuart) dynasty stems from the fact that its members had served as the Great Stewards of Scotland for many generations. This was a very high function and is today held by Prince Charles, heir to the British throne.
There are two variations of the name, Stewart and Stuart, the latter of which appeared in the 16th century, when Mary, Queen of Scots, who was from the Stewart dynasty, married the soon-to-be French king Francis II from the Valois dynasty. In order to pronounce her name correctly, the French wrote it as Stuart.
Robert II Stewart, the first king from that dynasty in general, ruled Scotland for 19 years (1371 – 1390 i.e. during the Late Middle Ages). He died at the age of 74, in Dundonald Castle in southwest Scotland.