- Historical event
- 22 August 1241
- It should be noted that Pope Gregory IX didn’t approve of the torture which took place during the Inquisition proceedings.
Pope Gregory IX was born as Ugolino on this day in 1241.
He established the Papal Inquisition, the organization which fought against the teachings which were harmful to the Catholicism.
Allegedly, Gregory IX was appointed pope when he was 80 years old.
The Papal Inquisition was intended to replace the former local episcopal inquisition, and fight against heresy.
It should be noted that Pope Gregory IX didn’t approve of the torture which took place during the Inquisition proceedings.
At the time, a relatively high level of demographic and economic development took place in Europe. Many Gothic cathedrals and fortified castles were built throughout Europe, and many universities were established.
France was ruled by St. Louis IX, the only French king who became a saint.
The Holy Roman Empire was ruled by Frederick II Hohenstaufen, the grandson of the famous Frederick Barbarossa, and Hungary by Andrew II, the father of Bela IV (of the Árpád dynasty).
Many famous medieval saints were contemporaries of Pope Gregory IX: St. Albert the Great, St. Francis, St. Dominic, and St. Thomas Aquinas. Gregory IX died in Rome on this day in 1241, during the Mongol invasion of Europe.